Apparently it is pretty hard to rupture a liver. I have seen a school boy with a ruptured spleen after falling onto a water tap – so full body weight onto a hard narrow instrument would do it.
In 2003, RAAMC Officers reported a case study of non-operative management of a ruptured liver by a 15 year old boy, who had discharged a WWII 20mm aircraft cannon (Mauser MG151) which breach block (2kg) recoiled from a muzzle velocity of 720m/s Jane’s Ammunition Handbook, 2000–2001 into his right abdomen. That is some whack.
In 2007, a five year old Victorian boy who died from a beating by his stepfather was described as having injuries to the abdomen so severe the force had ruptured the boy’s liver.
And children are more likely to suffer liver damage because of their more flexible ribs and undeveloped liver. Most liver injury is believed to result from simple compression against the fixed ribs, spine, or posterior abdominal wall. And that takes some whack.
Which is why Child abuse specialist, Dr Linda Norton came out decrying the 25 year gaol sentence given Lacresha Murray, an 11 year old, for the death of a 2 year old from ruptured liver. Not only was there no evidence for her being the perpetrator, but the damage probably came from a very forceful kick from an adult male. Murray, whose two convictions in the killing of Jayla Belton were overturned after she spent three years in juvenile prison, is seeking $30 million for alleged civil rights violations by Earle and several assistant prosecutors, Child Protective Services employees and others, after been verballed by police officers and on a coroner’s report done without usual scientific equipment.
Perhaps such travesty of justice can occur in Texas, because in Queensland, sometimes considered the Texas of Australia, a police officer accused of killing an Aboriginal man, is strongly supported by the police union, his fellow officers, as having done nothing wrong.
When 36 year old Mulrunji (Cameron Francis Doomadgee) died in the police station on Palm Island in 2004, only one other person, his arresting officer, Chris Hurley, was present. After Coroners’ and Mr Hurley’s own admission, conceded he was the perpetrator, Mr Hurley continues as a working police officer. Meanwhile other police investigators have been severely disciplined for collusion to cover up the facts of the case.
The Queensland inquest into the death determined Mulrinji had died from intra-abdominal haemorrhage due to, or as a consequence of, the rupture of his liver and portal vein. He had also sustained four broken ribs. The Coroner said that “[t]he consensus of medical opinion was that severe compressive force applied to the upper abdomen, or possibly the lower chest, or both together, was required to have caused [the] injury” to the deceased’s liver and portal vein. It was proposed that three jab-like punches in retaliation for punches received by Mulrunji, caused the injury, but Medical Officers confirmed they would not have been able to generate sufficient force to rupture the deceased’s liver and portal vein. Rather they suggested a blow with a knee or a torso with the weight of the police officer’s body behind it might have carried sufficient force to inflict the fatal injuries.
Chris Hurley continues to declare that these forces were applied by accident – as in accidentally dropping the full body weight of a large adult male through his knees onto another man’s abdomen. Touch wood, I’ve never even seen that happen in rugby. Nonetheless not even a manslaughter charge has been brought. I wonder if he would have been charged in Texas, or is that only a law for 11 year old innocents.
Today it is reported that Hurley may have frauded his compensation payout for losses at the time. The police union continues to give its full support.
Our policing systems world-wide are a mess. Our perception of who is the good guy and who is the bad guy, is massively distorted. Perhaps police officers should undergo weekly ethical training throughout their graduate training, and then ongoing until a full 5 years of ethical training, meditation, anger management, and the such, has been completed, before being allowed to carry more than the lowest rank. Ideally, their mothers and fathers should provide them 17 years of spiritual education prior to any consideration of career, but most parents fail to comprehend the absolute necessity of their role in making this society, including its police and justice system, fair and equitable.